I just got a new macbook pro and I am reinstalling a lot of libraries and scientific software that I use in my work.
In the Terminal program I like to use the Pro setting and prefer to use the font Menlo, which I find more readable than the default Monaco.
I use Xcode and Qt Creator as programming environments. Qt Creator is part of the Qt SDK and is a very fast editor for C++ code.
Install Homebrew from the Terminal shell by calling:
bash [if you are using the tcsh shell]
ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.github.com/mxcl/homebrew/go)"
Then, install autoconf
brew install autoconf
Since Mountain Lion does not ship with X11 support I installed XQuartz.
sudo ln -sf /Applications/Utilities/XQuartz.app/ /Applications/Utilities/X11.app
I installed gnuplot using brew
brew install gnuplot
I downloaded boost 1.53